Tripura is the third smallest state of the mystic land of incredible India and is one among the seven sister states in the North-East. The Capital of Tripura is Agartala and as per the consensus of 2011, the total city population of the Tripura is 3,671,032. To know more about this small but culturally rich land one must visit it at least once. Get blinded with the enchanting surroundings and start your trip the city of Tripura.
History of Tripura: The Formation
The history of Tripura dates back to the 3rd century B.C. Tripura was a princely state and it has been under the rule of various dynasties, Mughal Sultanate and British rule. The Bir Chandra Manikya of the Manikya Dynasty was one of the most prominent rulers of the Tripura civilization.
The word ‘Tripura’ in Sanskrit means ‘three cities’ but the origin of the state’s name is doubtful. It is also believed that the nearness of the state to the Bay of Bengal during the reign of rulers of the Twipra Kingdom rendered to its name. The Tripura became a constituent state of Indian union on 21st of January, 1972.
Geography of Tripura
The geography of Tripura on the map is located from 22°56’N to 24°32’N, and 91°09’E to 92°20’E. The state spreads across an area of 10,491.69km² and is divided into 8 tehsils that are further divided into numerous cities, villages and towns. Bangladesh borders the mystical Tripura in North, South, and West whereas the major Indian state Assam is in the North-East of Tripura.
Biodiversity of Tripura
Tripura harbors three different forms of ecosystems which are the mountains, freshwater and forests. The state has a rich biodiversity and is home to at least 300 bird species and 90 different forms of land mammal species which include elephant, bear, barking deer, porcupine and clouded leopard. The flora of the state consists of both evergreen and deciduous forests. The plains also have the grassland and swamp vegetation.
Climatic Conditions of Tripura
Tripura experiences tropical savanna climate. The variant climatic conditions of the state depend on the location of the place. The region experiences 4 major seasons; the summer season extends from the month of March and lasts till April with an average temperature of 24 to 36 degree C.
The monsoon sets in the month of May and lasts till September. The typical South West monsoon brings heavy rains to the state which is also a reason of devastating floods. The winters are cold and last from December to February, with an average temperature range of 13-27 degree C. The best time to visit Tripura is between October and May.
The diversity of the state has rendered a variety of colors to the culture of the state. The elements of Bengali culture are evident and widespread in the state whose traces can be found in the customs and traditions of the land. Music and dance is an integral part of Tripura culture and rituals. The regional language of Tripura is Kokborok, Odia, Meitei, while Bengali is also the most widely spoken language.
Interesting Facts about Tripura
- The population density of the state is 350/km2.
- The Betalongchhip is the highest peak of Tripura.
- The Phayre’s Langur is the state animal of Tripura.
- The Green Imperial Pigeon is the state bird of Tripura.
- Ujjayanta Palace is the largest museum in the North East.
- There are various real-life ghost stories that will give you goosebumps.
Tripura Tourism: Best Tourist Attractions
This beautiful state of the North East offers the tourists an array of places to visit. Tripura is mainly an agrarian state but it is rich in natural and architectural magnificence which can be promoted to boost tourism in Tripura and Indian Tourism on a whole. The small state abounds in sightseeing places that are mostly surrounded by swift rivers, crystal clear lakes and rapid waterfalls. The following are the best tourist attractions in Tripura:
- Religious Places: The Laxminarayan Temple, Uma Maheswar Temple, Jagannath Temple, Fourteen Goddess Temple, Unakoti, Matabari Temple, Tripura Sundari Temple and Bhuvaneswari Temple are the famous temples of Tripura. Portugese Church, Pilak and Gedu Mian Mosque are other important religious spots.
- Adventurous Places: The locally rumored haunted places, the hills of Jampui, and the boating lakes of the state are great hangout places for the adventure seekers.
- Hill Stations: The Jampui Hills is one of the best vacation spots in Tripura. The place is blessed with a number of trekking places and trails offering scenic hubs and base camps.
- Romantic Places for Couples: The breathtaking scenic beauty of the land makes Tripura as one of the most romantic honeymoon destinations. The love-stricken couples will have gorgeous time in the midst of the green land. Jampui Hills, Lake Kamalasagar, Dumboor Lake, Kunjaban Palace and Tripura Heritage Park are popular romantic places for couples.
- Historical Places: Neermahal, Deotamura, Ujjayanta Palace, Kunjaban Palace, Malancha Niwas, State Museum and Tribal Museum are places of historical importance. Most of these places are renowned for their architecture and historical monuments.
- Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks: There are 4 wildlife sanctuaries and 2 national parks in Tripura and they are spread across a total area of 566.93 km2. It is blessed with rare and endangered animal species. The wildlife sanctuaries in Tripura are – Gumti, Sipahijola, Trishna and Rowa. The national parks of Tripura are – The Rajbari National Park and Clouded Leopard National Park.
- Shopping Malls: A number of private stores and government emporiums in Agartala cater to the shopping needs of the people. The ML Plaza is the popular shopping mall in Agartala.
Before planning your trip consult a reliable travel guide or online websites to book your hotels and resorts in advance.
People of Tripura
Tripura is a home to diverse ethnicity which is one of the unique characteristics of the region. Most of the people are basically inhabitants of the famous Kingdom of Tripura. The major religions of the state are the Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Buddhism.
One of the popular cuisines of Tripura is ‘Mui Borok‘ and it falls under the category of mildly spiced cuisines of India. Awan Bangi is considered to be the favorite sweet as well as the patent dish of then natives of Tripura. Berma, Fish Curries, Stews, Chakhwi, Gudok, Utmai Khalok, Champrai and Chauk are few other appetizing regional dishes. A variation of the recipes of authentic Chinese food is also available in Tripura.
Major Festivals in Tripura
The major festivals of Tripura are Durga Puja, Karchi Puja, Id, Diwali, Holi, Makar Sankranti, Buddha Jayanti, Ashokashtmi and Christmas. The Rabindra-Nazrul festival in May, the Melaghar Boat Race in August and the Orange and Tourism Festival in November are some of the important socio cultural festivals of Tripura.
The regional songs and folk dance play an important part of the celebrations. The Bizu Dance of the Chakmas marks the end of every Bengali year. The Hozagiri Dance of the Raeng tribe and the Garia dance of the Garia tribe which is performed on Garia Puja are celebrated for prosperity. The Basanta Raas, the Jhum Dance, Lebang Dance, Mosak Sulmani Dance and Mamita Dance are other known forms of folk dances.
Popular Fairs in Tripura
Fairs play an important role in bringing people of different religion and tribes together. The popular fairs of Tripura are the Poush Sankranti Fair, the Ashokastami Fair, Sri Panchami Fair, Rathajatra Fair, Shivaratri Fair and many more other fairs. Some are seasonal while some are arranged during significant occasions. Tripura will amaze you every time you visit it.
Clothing Trends in Tripura
The people of Tripura are up-to-date with the clothing trends. Saree, Salwar Kameez, Skirts, Jeans and Tops are worn by most women while the men find comfort in Shirts, Trousers, Jeans and T-Shirts. The ‘Rignai’, ‘Risa’ and ‘Rikutu’ are the traditional dresses of Tripura which are known for their unique style and beautiful artistry.
Full proof efforts are being made to the sustainable growth and development of the state. The latest fashion trends and modern technology is enabling the people of the state to express themselves more easily. As per the consensus of 2011, the average literacy rate of the state is 87.75%.
Know about Tripura by visiting the most charming little city surrounded by the mighty hills. Explore not only the Tripura Capital but also the places that will lure your mind. You can create undisputed memories in this magnificent land of Tripura. The Tripura tourism will offer the most extravagant stay and you will get engaged in lavish environment of the state. The best vacation spot is waiting for you and has wrapped itself in beauty.
List of Districts in Tripura